The US Justice Department has filed its first criminal complaint against a US citizen who tried to skirt US sanctions with cryptocurrency, according to a recently-filed judicial opinion.
Federal officials have in the past imposed fines against virtual currency platforms for violating sanctions laws, but the new complaint “demonstrates that the civil liability is not the ceiling,” wrote US Magistrate Judge Zia M. Faruqui. “The Department of Justice can and will criminally prosecute individuals and entities for failure to comply with [sanctions regimes], including as to virtual currency.”
In the Justice Department’s complaint, government alleges that an unidentified US citizen conspired to operate an online payments platform based in a “comprehensively sanctioned country” — that could be Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Syria or Russia.
The defendant allegedly created a front company in the US to purchase domains, used US financial accounts to conduct financial services on behalf of their platform and its customers, and transferred virtual currency to accounts associated with the platform.