The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development is an intergovernmental agency with 38 member countries, founded in 1961 in France to stimulate economic progress and world trade. The OECD’s “AI Policy Observatory” tracks artificial intelligence research and advancement. This includes the number of annual AI-related research papers by country, an indicator of its progress.
According to the OECD, since 2010 China has led the world in AI research, reaching 141,006 cumulative (since 1980) papers in 2021. Hence China is becoming the global leader in artificial intelligence.
Cumulative Number of AI Research Publications by Selected Countries